Category Archives: cold war

Our story, integration

In response to two of David Brooks’ columns about “our” problems, 7/23 & an earlier one, I wrote the following. From the recommendations and replies, I gather I’m not the only one who feels this way…


Bill Abbott
Oakland California July 23
The “we” you see is not the one I experience. You write,
We post-Cold War Americans haven’t really settled on what story we are a part of.
Really? I’m pretty clear what story I’m part of. Objective truth exists and is important. We are measured by how we treat the least among us. Science works because it is based on reality. Hope can overcome fear. Do unto others as we wish to be done to ourselves. The challenges we face mean we have no-one to waste, yet too many people are poor, marginalized and left behind. Women’s rights are human rights. Black lives matter. Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Love wins. We don’t educate our neighbor’s children because of charity, we educate them because we will have to live with them. We are not perfect, we have never been perfect, but we can always get better. That’s my story. That’s the story of my country, and of humans in general.
The first President I voted for was Jimmy Carter, in 1976. I’m still waiting for a Republican I could vote for to appear on a ballot. Any ballot. Local, State or Federal.
In an earlier column, you wrote, “As a nation we seem to have lost all enthusiasm for racial integration.” Maybe that’s true for you. Its not true for me, or my friends, or our kids, or the cities and states we live in. Come visit us in Oakland. We are still working on it. Its hard work, that doesn’t mean its not the right goal.
546 Recommend
Mark Thomason commented July 24
Mark Thomason
Clawson, MIJuly 24
@Bill Abbott — Not everywhere is California. To win, we need the politics of the Venn Diagram overlap. I don’t devalue what you say, nor what is said in other regions. I say there is enough in common to make a politics that will resonate with a majority of voters, without using hate and fear.
2 Recommend
TinyBlueDot commented July 24
AlabamaJuly 24
@Bill Abbott
Mr. Abbott, please consider running for office in some capacity. Your remarks are clear, intelligent, and convincing. And I agree with every word you wrote, perhaps especially the line, “We are measured by how we treat the least among us.”
Leslie Durr commented July 24
Leslie Durr
Charlottesville, VAJuly 24
@Bill Abbott Brooks isn’t talking to you or to many of us. He’s talking to the disaffected white people who have been co-opted by the Republicans to ‘look over there, not over here.’ And, yes, some of them actually read the NY Times.
Au Gold commented July 24
Au Gold
New Jersey, USAJuly 24
@Bill Abbott Well said!
Pete Hollister commented July 24
Pete Hollister
Oregon WIJuly 24
What a great comment. Bravo!
Leslie Durr commented July 24
Leslie Durr
Charlottesville, VAJuly 24
@TinyBlueDot We really need people like you who resonate with Bill Abbott’s words in places like Alabama to run; Oakland already has it down pat.

Colors & materials for Apollo 11 CM, SM & LM. What the hardware looked like. For the Dragon kit.

Thanks to my beloved wife Jean, I got a Dragon Apollo 11 on the Moon kit, for Christmas! 1/72 scale, new tooling (same as their die-cast metal collectable?)

The short form on real, as-flown-in-1969, surfaces and finishes:

Command Module.

The actual Apollo Command module was covered with strips of mirror finish aluminized plastic micrometeoroid shield and thermal insulation, on the visible surfaces. The ablative heat shield, not visible until the CM and SM are separated, is said to have been painted a light gray color. During re-entry to Earth’s atmosphere, the mylar was mostly burned off and a light-gray painted structure under it became visible. Below that paint appears to have been a composite honeycomb material. I think it is unlikely that the actual pressure vessel that the crew lived in touched the outside surface except at the hatch edges.

In pictures of the remaining, unused, Apollo CSM (the emergency rescue vehicle for Skylab), you can see the stripe pattern of the plastic tape on the CM exterior, but in contemporary photographs, it looks like one piece of mirror polished aluminum. Like an American Airline’s jet airliner.

The fold-flat handles on the outside of the CSM, for astronaut Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVAs) were painted a glossy yellow, like the similar hand-rails on the the Hubble Space Telescope.

The docking capture and latch mechanism mounted on the outside of the tunnel, above the front hatch of the CM, is primarily titanium-looking metal, with a chromed, presumably retractable or spring loaded or damped, shaft.  There are darkened metal handles in the mechanism, probably painted or anodized a dark blue dark gray or black.

The inside of the tunnel itself, behind the docking capture mechanism, is light gray with 12 blue-anodized cylinder-topped arms at the top, some black and some other colors of boxes, and wires,

Service module:

The Service module exterior was  painted with an aluminum paint, except for radiator areas fore and aft which were white, two “ram’s horn” antennas that were white or light gray, and 24 narrow stripes (about 25%) on panels under the RCS thrusters. The area under “United States” may or may not have been light gray, and many labels on the exterior appear to be black text on light gray background.

The main engine exhaust bell is complex, but a bluish gray for the biggest, lower, part, outside, and reddish gray for the upper part, outside, is a good start. The top of the bell joins the reddish part at a flange, with bright bare metal fasteners by the dozen. The top of the bell, the last part visible beyond (below) the Inconel heat shield, is wrapped in the mylar and-or “H-film” ( aka “Kapton”) insulation and micrometeoroid shield. The back of the CM is mostly covered by 4 stamped quadrants what looks like thin Inconel nickel-copper high temp metal. The furthest outer edge of the end of the Service Module is painted with aluminum paint just like the sides.

Lunar Module:

The Lunar Module has two very different areas of finish: The descent (lower) stage is primarily wrapped in thermal insulation / micromedeoroid protection, a multilayer collection of  Kapton (“H film”) and Mylar, and other, exotic, things, with metal evaporated/ plated on them for protection. A lot of what looks ‘black’ is actually a black-finished foil or mylar.

The descent engine has a medium gray exterior and nestles in an Inconel-lined cavity in the descent stage.

The ascent (upper) stage of the Lunar Module is about half black-finished and half anodized Aluminum. Yes, the Aluminum looks like its dark, like Titanium, or has a distinct gray-beige-green tone. All true, many have remarked on the hard-to-describe colors. Grumman’s construction documents for the whole thing, facet by facet, are on line, and they specify Phosphoric acid and Sulfuric Acid anodizing of the various aluminum alloy pieces.  Some Mylar or “H film” wrapping is on the the outside of the ascent module. The ascent engine has a semi-gloss white exterior, with a textile-like “wrapped” texture. This may be thermal insulation, similar to the thick batts of insulation wrapped around the F1 engines of the Saturn V first stage.

There are two dish antennae on the ascent stage, Both have white-painted dishes and are generally black otherwise. The antenna directly above the lunar egress hatch and the front windows has black foil everywhere except the inside of the dish. The signal radiator in the center of the dish is white.

The antenna off on the starboard side of the ascent stage has a semi-gloss black mechanism and flat black on the back on the dish. Black, also, on the 4 legs and the forward reflector in front of the dish.

In more detail:

Command Module.

The Reaction Control System (RCS) engine nozzles on the CM have an oxidized copper color in their throats, and a slightly corrugated texture. Photos of post-re-entry CMs show a ring of the same oxidized copper color outside the nozzles, but the aluminized mylar covers these rings up to the edges of the RCS engine bells.

The forward and side windows for the two outside crew stations have black anti-glare finish around the windows, and red-orange silicone seals at every layer of the windows.

Below or behind the port side windows and the crossed RCS nozzles are a pair of drain valves, white 5/8 spheres with gold-toned dots at the outside. A very similar purge valve is installed on the starboard side of the side hatch.

On both sides, below windows, RCS nozzles, etc and the edge of the ablative re-entry shield, there are translucent white dots. Under the Mylar there are black partial circles around these two translucent circles,. On the Service Module, there are matching white partial circles painted on the fairing at the top edge of the SM

A minor (very minor) mystery is what kind of plastic the reflective stuff on the CM is. The expected temperature range in the space environment was wider than NASA was comfortable using Mylar, generally, uncovered, in the thermal insulation blankets covering the LM Descent Stage. Therefore, the outer layer of those blankets is always Kapton (“H film”), which is usable over the expected temperature range.  Of course, a blanket of up to 25 layers of plastic, using microthicknesses of vacuum deposited metal for insulation, is fundamentally different from a pressurized honeycomb structure wrapped with a layer of glued-on plastic tape. Maybe the thermal mass and inertia of the CM (and the slow-rolling passive thermal control regime) kept conditions on the outside of the CM suitable for Mylar, Maybe the CM plastic has the metal side “out”, unlike the majority of LM applications which are generally plastic side out (hence the gold-amber color: its not gold foil, its aluminized Kapton with the metal in and the plastic out.

Service module:

Inside the main engine exhaust bell is complex. At the bottom, inside the bluish gray outside, are 16 dark metal petals with strong textures. Inside the reddish-gray part of the bell are a set of 6 petals and then a solid ring- all a glossy dark color.  Above the dark, solid, ring, is a white metal ring, something like aluminum colored. Above that is an orangey brown and then at the peak of the engine is a light, metallic-finished plate with 5 stamped spokes and a central cap.

Lunar Module:

How I plan to reproduce these colors:

Command Module:

The glued-flat aluminized mylar on the real thing doesn’t look like any paint, even mirror polished aluminum. It looks like mylar, darker than polished aluminum. I have seen photos on-line of Apollo CMs finished in Bare Metal Foil, in the correct striped pattern. But I don’t see the stripes unless I look very closely in the 1960s photos- they’re easy to see in flash photos taken today, on the leftover CSM lifeboat for Skylab that never flew. But not in pictures of Apollo 11, or 15, or any of the other hardware that was flown.

Sooooo: Bare Metal Foil remains possible, or very thin aluminum foil, polished and clear-coated. “Chrome” spray paint would not be a bad choice. Having the kit part polished and then vacuum coated with aluminum would be very close to the real thing. Brush-painting Testor’s Chrome Silver oil-based paint or another similar non-water-based product is also a thought – the occasional brushmark could be said to represent the stripes of the Mylar…

“Chrome” spray paint or Metalizer Buffable Aluminum rattle can are the top two contenders at the moment. I’m going to do a study with each and see which I like more  watch this space.

Service Module:

Polly-scale Reefer White (that’s as in Refrigerator White, the rail-road color) is my call for the white paint on the lower and upper ring radiators, the two ‘tabs’ containing the ram’s horn antennas, and the white areas near the RCS boxes. My own mix for Boeing Aircraft Company #707 Gray is my first choice for the Light Gray RCS boxes, unless they’re white too, have to check again before I commit myself. The Inconel heat shield could be Polly Scale Stainless Steel, maybe with a bit of yellow added to bring out the nickel ‘color’… Inconel is a copper-nickel alloy and its attraction is that it holds its strength at high temperatures, not that its intrinsically tough stuff like titanium. It actually cuts and polishes pretty readily, but the important thing is that its clearly NOT aluminum. Completely different color. Not unlike stainless steel, which is, itself, not like steel OR aluminum.

Lunar Module:

Project status Italeri 1/72 F-104G/S Starfighter

Italeri F104 G ‘S’Here’s the latest- I took this and the Revell TF 104G on vacation with me. I’d made a drawing that cartooned the instrument panel, based on the Verlinden Lock On book primarily. With that sketch in hand, I painted both kit’s cockpits and fiddly bits, and started gluing, I’ve got this 104’s major fuselage assembled, with cockpit and intakes. Needs wings, aft fuselage attached, so forth. Paint too. Here’s the latest photo of it: Italeri F-104G/S its not actually an S, just a G, no Sparrow or Aspide missile, though there is a pylon for it at least. Interior parts cruder than Revell/Monogram/Revell Germany kit, I’ve painted in parallel. Going to build it as an S and to heck with getting the aft fuselage and intake trunk bulky-ness correct. With an AIM-7-ish missile on the pylon and pretty Italian markings it will look great. Big issue is getting something like but not TOO like British Ocean Gray/Mixed Gray and Dark Green for topside- each nation in NATO has its own paint scheme and the fact that they often resemble the Dark Green, Ocean Gray/Medium Sea Gray Day Fighter scheme from WWII European theater doesn’t mean that exact color matches are in stock.

Flight to Everywhere – I. Dimitri WWII Color, C-87 B-24, etc

A small cottage industry now exists in locating and printing color photographs taken during WWII. Kodachrome slide film did exist and was being used by professionals and amateurs as well. The late Jeff Ethell was an early organizer of these sort of volumes and Motorbooks and others happily publish them. But there are similar references that have been awaiting (re)discovery since the 1940s.

Both “Life” magazine and “The National Geographic” were publishing color photographs during the 1940s The stunning color photo of an Essex class US Navy carrier preparing to launch F6F Hellcats was (at least) the cover of an annual review by Flying or something like that- my dad kept his copy from his early teenage years. A searchable datebase of mass-market color photos would be very useful.One wonders about the photoarchives that “Time/Warner” has put on the internet too…

Ivan Dimitri’s “Flight To Everywhere” is a good example of what’s worth searching out in library reference sections and used book stores

“Flight to Everywhere” neatly covers the same locations and airplanes as the WWII Air Transport Command portions of Earnest K. Gann’s “Fate Is The Hunter”. If you loved that book, here are the photographs to back up Gann’s descriptions. The C-87, a cargo-hauler based on the Consolidated-Vultee B-24, is the subject of most of the book, with some

DC-3s (C-37/47/53/whatever) and Curtis C-46, A C-54 (DC-4) and other transports also appear. But Dimitri also photographs IX bomber Command

B-24D squadrons in North Africa, a Navy PB4Y-1, F-5s (P-38 photoreconnisance variants), a regular P-38, P-40s,

By Aircraft Type, lightly sorted(by me) in value:


21 Wow! Engine (cargo) being placed in fuselage ahead (?) of main wing spar Fuselage skin is yellow zinc chromate inside with shiny alu formers and stringers. Front of spar, most other metal, natural aluminum.
P&W engine cargo has worn very dark gray or black paint on gear
reductioin case, brownish patches like rust. P&W brown eagle on light blue/dark blue front edge

11 Flight deck, Color. Olive drab insulation (sound & heat), cockpit
seats have shiny black tubular frame, dark (bronze green?) upholstry,
“NO SMOKING” stencelled in 6″ red letters on back of copilot’s seat.
Instrument pannel, glareshield, overhead panel and inside of windscreen framing seems to be the same broze-green or dark gray as seat upholstry.

12 Looking up in cargo compartment as fumigation specialist sprays for mosquitos. Light colored inner skin, apparently shiny, bare, aluminum formers and stringers. Track for cargo hoist. Bagged and strapped gear at shoulder levels on walls- rafts?

22 Pilots in cockpit, dark instrument panel, shiny black frame on
co-pilot’s seat.

23 B&W Passengers sitting/ squatting/ reclining in ‘cabin’ behind wing. Lower fuselage windows, finish and stuff on spar, oxygen bottles in overhead, look different from color photo page 21 with engine as cargo.

54 B&W Cabin interior. Insulated walls, leather upholstered seats facing forward.

55 Seat shown in 54 sitting outside, showing low height, wide belt, tubing frame.

52 Cabin interior, bench structure below windows, sides appear to be dark gray/interior green/bronze green, darkish color.

58 B&W Pilot, Copilot flt eng in cockpit.

210 B&W Navigator shoots sun from tail window

222 B&W an odd angle, looking forward from back of cargo/passenger cabin


15 Forward Port Quarter, OD/Neutral gray, satin black/dark gray prop blades, hubs, etc, smallish yellow tips. OD Jeep with khaki green upholstry 1/2 page, aft fuselage, tail, truck pulled up to load it. Different OD tone on painted metal vs fabric over rudder, de-icing boot, tail number in yellow (111744) Unarmed tail with vision panel

11 Color ATC badge on unidentified a/c, with white star/blue circle &
TWA pilot

12 B&W Forward half of aft fuselage door showing inside structure of
door (large perforations in inner door skin)

12 B&W Same plane with passengers walking away, Port side from wing to tail, showing unarmed fuselage, contrast between rudder and fin (slightly different angles to sun, too)

34 B&W forward half of aft cargo door open, inside of door insulated.#2107260.

56 Fuselage from wing aft, both cargo doors open. #2107269. Olive green/dark yellow insulation inside doors.

54 B&W air-to-a, “Disentary Express 17” on nose, white star, blue disk

under stbd wingir

55 B&W Port side, diamond tread main tire. Main gear leg dark color.

222 B&W Port front quarter, nose open for loading. Passenger windows show clearly against fuselage side.

224 shows forward door of C-87 cargo doors open, red handle in center of door, silver fasteners, Looks like OD inside as well as outside.

40 Soft focus in background, Africans and camels in foreground, sharp..

51 B&W Port forward quarter, slid into berm after aborted takeoff.

58 B&W Port wing w/ #2 prop feathered

64 Stb engines, OD & Neutral gray + dark dark gray engine noses, black
props, above Indian fields.

65 Stb engines, above wetlands & monsoon clouds

66 B&W Crew walking forward of parked C-87

66 B&W C-87 taxing on runway amid mod, C-47 in background.

76 B&W C-87 parked amid indian crowd

77 Bomb being hoisted into C-87 for transport to China. Bomb-bay fwd bulkhead neutral gray

80 Main gear leg, muddy gray, shiny oleo strut.

82 B&W Taxiing through flooded runway, propeller condensation trails. Stb fwd quarter.

83 B&W C-87 taking off toward camera.

85 C-87 cruising over Assam wetlands.

88 B&W?? C-87 cruising over hump

89 color cockpit photo pilot & co-pilot, gray sky.

101 color C-87 over jungle

209 Stb engines and wing, over North Atlantic ice bergs…

217 Nose-on, inner 2 engines, on ice

222 B&W Port side view, white star, blue circle, no bars.

236 B&W Stb front qtr view, parked on ice, in background, gas heater in foreground

236 B&W View forward from behind port main gear. sihliutte of gear leg,
nose, nose gear, looking into low-angle sun.

10 Color Stbd Wing in flight against 1/10 cloud. Not very informative.


81 Yellow orange or yellow primer bomb being hoisted into bomb-bay.

132 Bomb bay interior, crew dusting .50 ammo, bomb rack and bomb nondescript gray-green color. Rack greener, bomb grayer.Ammo has smallish, black nose markings, 1 large red nose marking, over and over.

141 Cockpit during daylight.Shirtless pilot black seat, OD armrest, Golden buff shoulder belt..

146 B&W top view of upper turret, showing sight, structure, central ammo feed, elevation mechanism.

146 B&W Navigator at work, unden upper turret? Insulation on walls,

148 Waist gunners, guns, mid fuselage. Yellow O2 tanks w/ bare metal straps in overhead. Bare-metal formers, hatch doors folded up into overhead. Natural meal or light gray support ‘fingers’ hold black/parkerized guns, Mix of bare metal and chromate yellow tube structure, Silver gray ammunition guides, open at top to reveal dark color links, feeding both guns from boxes off to one end or other.

149 Tail turret from inside fuselage, looking aft. OD/Interior Green turret back wall, bare aluminum formers, etc, black painted turret internals.

153 Upper turret with damage- something that looks paint-red but might be blood scattered around where gunner’s head goes, misted on inside of turret. This color photo shows inside structure to be medium gray, not green or black.


34 B&W 80th Antisubmarine patrol, dark tone (gray? od?) over light tone (white?) “The Sad Sac”

58 B&W Port fwd quarter, parked with sacred cows & workers.

109 Port fwd qtr, sand over gray, #41 white, diamond dark &gold nose marking. White star blue circle no bars

113 Port fwd qtr, white #74, tail #2 40657, small RAF style fin flashes, outline around Port wing underside star? Yellow TORCH marking?

117 Port fwd qtr, crew briefing in foreground, pink-sand color, “Black Jack” with kicking mule nose art, 14 horseshoe markings, row of 10, 4 below that. Bomb bay doors clearly neutral gray, everthing else appears to be topside pink including nose gear wheel and strut.

120 B&W Stb underwing, star and bar with lighter surround – yellow? Red? Bomb bay doors open, underside gray clearly darker than topside sand color.

120 B&W In background of posed crew decorating bombs. White #100 on nose and ahead of fin flash, both directly under tail #. Light surround on stb. underside blue circle, no bars. Shield marking from photo belowjust visible.

121 B&W Stb nose from under wing. Whote “00”, “1” might behehind prop blade. “”Liberandos” with flying Sphinx in shield, dexter, bomb in upper right corner.

121 B&W background behind bommb dump and utility vehicle. Star w/ bar, rin flashes on inside and outside of fins.

127 B&W Stb frong wtr, engines running “0” on tail, star under stb wing, no other markings visible.

129 Port fwd, White 74, tail 240657 Yellow around port wing underside star, port fuseage star? Red “Fire Extinguisher” placcard on nose more

or less above nose gear
130 B&W gunner in front of port aft fuselage. no particular details

131 B&W Tail turret from port and below. White swaztika claim marking ender turret. Underside gray clearly sarker than sand, covers bumper-shape at end of fuselage.Same light colored flash hiders (?) as B-17G chin turret..

133 port aft fuselage, Faded yellow`surround on faded dusty blue circle, sand over gray, Gray bomb bay doors, main gear strut, wheels. Smooth tire, very dirty tread. No de-icer boot visible on fin.

133 Stb nose of #100 hehind crewman rolling a bomb over to he loaded
136 B&W Stb front quarter of “Sac Time Sally” 1 & 4 running, 2 & 3 stopped. De-icer boot visible on outer wing and fin.

137 B&W Port front quarter Name, number, markings, none visible. De-icer boot visible on outer wing.

138 B&W Engine and prop out of focus behind two crew, OD/gray, prop LE’s worn bare.

138 B&W Stb nose of “Wolf-waggin” and a second plane. OD/Gray.Dusty, faded,

139 B&W Stb outer engine & wing, nose-on plane in distance.

139 B&W Port nose-on of 3 with sun setting or rising behind.

140:Color OD/Gray, dusty and faded Stb nose to star. No bars, or nose marking. #4 engine has black gearbox, #3 dark gray Rudder de-icer visible

140 B&W Two planes nose-on. #1, 2, 3 have silvery/light color (ignition harness?) between gear box and cylinders, #4 all dark. Same plane as upper, color, photo? De-icers visible

141 Port fore qtr #1 running. Extra bombs on dirt in foreground. OD/Gray. Wing de-icer boots visible.

144 OD over gray, faded, dirty star, yellow “X” on fin.

144 Pilot and port wing and engines. silver gray box on cabin wall

150 B&W Stb forward, de-icer boots on wing and fin visible.

152 Dusty tail-turret with damage to armor/bullet proof glass.

152 OD painted piece of plane with squarish are stove in by enemy fire.
153 “Lucky” nose-art, A panda-bear-ish cartoon critter running with an arial bomb. Damage from enemy fire.

158 B&W photos of aft fuselage, fin, in bone yard. Fin has RAF flash lined up with rudder trim tab.

159 Sbd and port wing and aft fuselage of planes in the boneyard. De-icer boots on one fin visible, clean area where boot removed from the other.

160 Stb nose, wing, engines, airframe being repaired. OD/gray, nose number in yellow, upper 1/3 visbile. Could be “00”, “80”, “88” or “08”
162 Top of outer wing, star, no bars, from bone yard.

162 Port aft fuselage, Star and bar, dark (blue? red?) surround

163 Aft turrent mount, bare metal formers, darker tone (yellow primer?) inside top sheetmetal

164 Nose aret for Homesick Suzie, Ubangi Webangi, The Little Gramper ar eOD, Little Joe is sand

165 “Stinger”‘s log: of 57 missions.

214 B&W Stb aft fuselage. White star, blue circle, no bars, OD over gray, transparent tailcode (not turret) and aft mounted upper turret. B/C/D…

220 Stb fwd qtr, 112068 on tail, Probably same as pg 214. Similar plane
parked behind it.

215 B&W White star, blue circle, no bars. Standing in snowfield.
221 OD/Gray with snow on upper surfaces, engine in heated maintenance tent.


Stb fwd quarter, OD/gray, star and bar, #437


55 B&W Od, star and bar, UK fin flash, tail # 17723 fwd half of cabin door open.

55 B&W both cargo doors open OD or Int. Gn. finish on metal.#13861?

81 B&W crate labeled “42-34394” being loaded from truck to Skytrain.

82 B&W interior looking aft, seats being unloaded

93 OD/Gray, white starts, blue circle, in low sun

105 After some sort of mishap, port prop missing, digging under nacelle


83 B&W parked in muddy apron, OD/Gray, white star, blue circle, no bars.

104 color parked, being loaded from truck. OD/Gray, white star, blue circle, #112402. Doped fabric rudder different color and texture from painted metal.

Ernie Pyle
188 color photo, considering a basket of grapes.


17 Splotchy gray “synthetic haze”? paint photo windows visible, some yellow chromate visible on structure inside. Nose gear lower strut and wheel are medium gray, matt, inside of nose gear door is od/interior green upper strut (above oleo strut) and braces might be green like door interior. Main wheels OD, props black, yellow stencelling, yellow tips. Small, white, #s 770 on nose, larger (10″? 1’?) 274 in yellow.

100 P-38 in OD/neutral gray, with light-gray combustion deposits behind
turbos. Red markings on cockpit side hatch – “No Step”?

Gen Carl Spaatz
192 color, left foot up on something

Gen George Patton
193 color, very neatly dressed.


Green, white stripe, black swastika, white outline, one has rudder port
side marking large “N” small “3”, small “8” centered below both, all 3
characters are yellow

170 B&W Derilict from port, fwd quarter. No transparencies, skins behind center engine gone, one engine off wing and lying on the ground.


113 Aft fuselage tail surfaces, Indistinct faded brown-gray, only one tone, no pattern, white stripe code ” + BW” Tail swaztikas removed


97 OD/Gray “Jinx” w/ 1 finger salute, “shark mouth” with red lips, white teeth, huge saber teeth., covered in branches and greenery

98 B&W Port nose and wing “Liz”

98 B&W Stb forward quarter, taxiing, on a dirt road, centerline bomb, US pattern

99 B&W Port fwd quarter w/ 1000lb bp\omb, light colored.

173 B&W 4 Allison-powered P-51 razorbacks, with 3 bladed props. Tail marking “A” over “G”, “A” over “P” Stars with bars. Pix at Palermo.



(page???) 3 tone with white all the way up fuselage, just top with dark blue, narrow, slightly indistinct, intermediate blue connecting area. White star, blue circle.


158 Metal frame, no fabric cover, fin and rudder, horizontal stabalizer. Me-2xx Gigant glider/cargo carrier. Control cab on top of bare tube frame, fabric all gone, burned off.

(Unknown German type)

119 B&W German General Ent flying recon plane, photo in cockpit

169 Dirty port wing and engine, deicer boot, white star, blue circle, yellow surround. Big, square, carb intake above engine B-25?

A real relic of the cold war, a Yugoslavian map of the northern New World…

showing the Mexicans attacking Texas, the separatist Black Muslims encamped around Chicago and the Quebecers fometing revolution…. as well as (apparently) the North Slope oil pipeline, and more obscure things as well. A real blast from the past.